Travelling and tourism


Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of a scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musi­cal rhythms.

Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.

Most travelers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them — the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, waterfalls, forests.

People travel by train, by boat and by car. All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and possibilities.

If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography is to travel, and a best way to get to know and to get acquainted with the people is to meet them in their own homes.

1. What do people travel for? 2. How do people, living in the country, spend their holidays? 3 What do city dwellers usually like? 4. What do most travelers and holiday-makers take a cam­era with them for? 5. Why do people choose different means of travelling? 6. What is the best way to get to know different people? 7. Are you fond of travelling? 8. Do you usually travel on business or for pleasure?


Modern life is impossible without travelling. Thousands of people travel every day either on business or for pleasure. They сan travel by air, by rail, by sea or by car.

Travelling by air is becoming more popular. Though it’s expensive but it’s, of course, the quickest means of transport. And if it’s a good air-liner, you will not hit any air-pocket and won’t be airsick at all.

Travelling by train is slower than by plain, but it has its advantages. You can see much more interesting places of the country yon are travelling through. Modern trains have very comfortable seats. There are also sleeping cars and dining can which make even the longest journey enjoyable. Speed, comfort and safety are the main advantages of trains and planes. That’s why many people prefer them to all other means.

Travelling by sea is popular mostly for pleasure trips. On board of large ships and small river boats people can visit foreign coun­tries arid different places of interest within their own country. On board a ship there are all facilities to enjoy your trip: tennis and badminton grounds, swimming pools, cinema and dancing halls. Indeed it’s a pleasant way of spending a holiday. But when the sea is not calm, and you may get seasick, there is of course less pleasure if any at all.

Buses also can take you to any place you wish. It can be a trip not far from your home or a long journey even to a foreign country. Modern buses have comfortable seats, video and phone, you can have tea or coffee, drinks and snacks.

Many people prefer travelling by car. I think it’s convenient. You needn’t book any tickets in advance. You needn’t carry heavy suitcases. You can stop wherever you wish and spend at any place as much time as you like.

1. What can people travel by? 2. What is the quickest means of transport? 3. Have you ever hit any air-pocket travelling by air? 4. What are the-advantages of travelling by train? 5. What is travelling by sea popular for? 6. What facilities are there on board large ships? 7. Have you ever got seasick on board a ship? 8. Why do you like travelling by car?


Tourism is visiting places for pleasure. Many people become tourists when they are on vacation. They can travel by car, train, plane, by ship or just hitch-hike.

Some tourists visit foreign countries. They are fond of sight­seeing. Such tourists usually stay at the hotels because they prefer comfortable life. Those who are interested in history, can visit ancient castles, churches, royal palaces and take pictures. All of them get acquainted with people of the countries they are visiting, their customs and traditions.

Some people enjoy mountains. They are not afraid of climb­ing high mountains covered with snow. It is not easy to live in tents, carry heavy rucksacks, go on foot for many hours. But tourists are ready to bear all discomforts because they are crazy about wonderful views and fresh air.

There are a lot of families that spend their free time going on short or long hikes. It takes much time to prepare necessary things for future camping: fishing-rods, kettles, sleeping-bags, tents. Hiking teaches a person a lot. Tourists can read a map, a compass, put up tents quickly, make a fire, do the cooking.

Typical English souvenirs to take back home

Typical English presents (souvenirs) to take back home are rather various.

Common themes depicted on many English souvenirs include The Royal Family, Policemen, Royal Guards, London Transport, Union Flag and famous London buildings.

You can buy thimbles (напёрстки), bells, T-shirts, soft toys, models, magnets, pens and pencils, mouse mats, caps, pin badges, post boxes, aprons and much more.