Ресурсный центр – Food, national cuisine

FOOD, NATIONAL CUISINE

It really happens very often when families pay special attention to their kitchens making them bigger with special modern design. The reason is that, we view our kitchen as a place where we can relax and enjoy delicious food. But as we are usually very busy during the day time we can have a meal together with the whole family only in the evening. It is usually a special time for the family. In my family we sometimes spend an hour or so to have supper and to discuss all the things that have happened during the day. I think it is the reason to have a big kitchen with comfortable interior.

Now let’s talk about food. What do people eat in Britain?

Some people criticize English food. They say it’s unimaginable, boring, tasteless, it’s chips with everything and totally overcooked vegetables. If you ask foreigners to name some typically English dishes, they will probably say “Fish and chips” then stop. It is disappointing, but true that, there is no tradition in England of eating in restaurants, because the food doesn’t lend itself to such preparation. English cooking is found at home. So it is difficult to find a good English restaurant with reasonable prices. In most cities in Britain you’ll find Indian, Chinese, French and Italian restaurants. In London you’ll also find Indonesian, Mexican, Greek…  Cynics will say that this is because English have no “cuisine” themselves, but this is not quite true. Everyone knows that tea is the most popular drink in Britain. It’s even more popular than coffee, which is favoured throughout Europe and America.

Nowadays, throughout homes, tea shops and hotels of Britain, the custom of tea-time continues. Tea in Britain is brewed in a teapot. Then one spoonful of tea per person and one for the pot is added. Most people in Britain prefer a rich, strong cup of tea with milk and sugar added to taste.

Do you know many recipes?

What questions can you ask a waiter when you are ordering a meal in a cafe?

My friend wants to know more about national cuisines. Which national dishes would you recommend him to taste?

A lot of pupils refuse to have meals at school. What do you think about it?

We spend a lot of time at school. So it’s necessary to have a snack at midday just to keep you going on. That’s why we have to go to a school canteen to have lunch. Our school canteen leaves much to be desired. It has become a tradition with our canteen to serve chops and watery mashed potatoes every day with a glass of tea or stewed fruit. Nevertheless sometimes you may choose something to your taste.

 

Belarusian national cuisine

Let’s talk about Belarusian national cuisine

Food is obviously a very important part of peoples’ culture and if you want to understand the nation it is important to try national food.

Belarusian cuisine consists mostly of vegetables, meats and breads. The foods that are considered to be staples of Belarus include pork, cabbages, potatoes and bread. Traditional cooking methods are usually either slowly cooked or stewed food.

But the most popular Belarusian dish is draniki with machanka. Machanka is used as a traditional Belarusian sauce for draniki or blini. Most often it is made with pork, sausage, sliced onion, sour cream and flour.

Kvass is a type of soft drink that is made from either brown bread or rye flour that has been malted. Kvass can also be combined with sliced vegetables to create a cold soup called okroshka.

I think all these dishes will be rather tasty and unusual for a tourist.

What can you tell me about eating habits in your family?

Everybody knows we are what we eat. It is very important to include various products into your menu, such as diary products, starchy products, fruit and vegetables, meat, fish, eggs to ensure your body gets all the necessary vitamins and minerals. Usually people call it a healthy well-balanced diet. You can improve your diet by eating smaller portions, especially at night.

But nowadays trying to follow all the necessary recommendations of our doctors we face one more problem – genetically modified food and products made of trans-fats, artificial ingredients and pesticides, which are very harmful to our health.

Not long ago I came across one more interesting fact about food: the food you eat can have a drastic effect on how you feel. For example, chocolate can lift your spirits and make you feel happier. The high fiber food can make people feel positive, energetic and think quicker. Nevertheless there is food that can make us sad, anxious and prone to panic attacks. This group of products includes coffee, eggs, sugar and something else which is used in unreasonable quantities.

My mother is a wonderful cook and her dinners are always delicious and various. To begin with we usually have some salad – tomato and cucumber salad or mixed salad. For the first course we have some soup – noodle, mushroom or cabbage soup, or maybe some fish soup for a change. For the main course we have meat, chicken or fish dishes, for example, steak or fried fish, spaghetti or potatoes (boiled or fried). We also have a lot of vegetables – green peas, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers. I prefer meat to fish but my mother makes me eat fish from time to time. She says it’s good for my brains. For dessert we have some fruit, fruit juice or a cup of tea with a slice of cake. Not very often we may eat out. But it usually happens for special occasions.

Do you like cooking? Why (not)?

Maybe yes. But it doesn’t happen very often because I’m very busy now. If I have a chance to spend time cooking I prefer to cook some special and tasty things: pizzas, pancakes, stuffed cabbage, chops, roast chicken, hot pot (тушёное мясо с картофелем, овощами), biscuits and what not.

What questions will you ask a friend who has invited you to a pot-luck party?

I have never been to a pot-luck party. It’s probably amazing. Of course I will have to find out some things beforehand:

– What is the theme of your pot-luck party?

– How many people have you invited to the party?

– Are you going to make a list of dishes?

Which cafes would you recommend to visit in your place? Why?

A very popular pastime is eating out in a restaurant or a café. In most towns there is a wide variety of restaurants, a number of bars and cafes where you can get sandwiches and other snacks. So is in Vitebsk. You may go to the center of the town. You will see a number of cafes. It will be up to your taste what to choose, because they are rather different.

What is your favourite Belarusian national dish? What is its recipe?

Draniki is a traditional Belarusian potato pancakes recipe.

It is a traditional belarusian dish still very popular in present-day Belarus. There are many variations of this simple recipe, on of them we present here.

Ingredients (2 servings):

5 large potatoes;

1 egg;

1 medium onion;

Black pepper 0.5 tea spoon;

Salt to taste;

Sunflower oil 7-8 tbl. spoons;

Cooking Instructions:

First of all you will need a grater to grate potatoes and onions. Be sure that you use appropriate side of grater and grate potatoes into liquid mass. That what makes draniki unique.

Prepare ingredients. Peel potatoes and onion.

Grate potatoes and onions into a bowl.

Add salt, pepper, egg and mix together. The substance should not be liquid, and should not be too thick, drain excess potato juice or add some flour to achieve required level of liquidity.

Heat the frying pan, pour 1 tbl. spoon of sunflower oil onto it.

Dump a full table spoon of mixture form the bowl onto the frying pan and from a small about quarter inch thick pancake. Cook on high for 2-3 minutes and then flip over.

Cook another 2-3 minutes until golden brown.

Serve hot with sour cream.

Enjoy your meal!

 

 

National cuisine of an English-speaking country

Let’s talk about national cuisine of an English-speaking country

I’d like to say some words about British food. Traditionally English people have three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner. Breakfast is served in the morning. It used to be a large meal with cereal, eggs and bacon, sausages, tomatoes. But such a large breakfast takes a long time to prepare and is not very healthy. Nowadays, Britain’s most popular breakfast consists of cereal, toast with marmalade, juice and yogurt with a cup of tea or coffee. Lunch is a light meal. Most people have no time to go back home for lunch so they eat at school, cafes, pubs or restaurants. The main meal is dinner, which is usually between 6 and 7 p.m. A typical evening meal is a meat dish with vegetables and dessert. The most important meal of the week is the Sunday dinner, which is usually eaten at 1 p.m.The traditional Sunday dish used to be roast beef, but nowadays pork, chicken or lamb are more common. On Sunday evenings people have supper or high tea. The famous British afternoon tea is becoming rare, except at weekends.

Some people criticize English food. They say it’s unimaginable, boring, tasteless, chips with everything and totally overcooked vegetables. If you ask foreigners to name some typically English dishes, they will probably say “Fish and chips” then stop. It is disappointing, but true that, there is no tradition of eating out in restaurants in England. English cooking is found at home. So it is difficult to find a good English restaurant with reasonable prices. In most cities in Britain you’ll find Indian, Chinese, French and Italian restaurants. InLondonyou’ll also find Indonesian, Mexican, Greek… Cynics will say that this is because English have no “cuisine” themselves, but this is not quite true.

What do you know about a very English custom of having tea?

Everyone knows that tea is the most popular drink in Britain. It’s even more popular than coffee, which is favoured through out Europe and America.

Nowadays, through out homes, tea shops and hotels of Britain, the custom of tea-time continues. Tea in Britain is brewed in a tea-pot. Then one spoonful of tea per person and one for the pot is added. Most people in Britain prefer a rich, strong cup of tea with milk and sugar is sometimes added to taste.

The whole art of tea-taking is a very elegant and a very English thing to do.

The Ritz hotel is one of the most famous hotels in London. The Ritz is especially well-known for its wonderful teas but taking tea at the Ritz is not an everyday event – it’s usually reserved for a special occasion like a birthday or anniversary. And it’s not just a cup of tea either – it’s almost like having a 3 course meal.

There are finger sandwiches – these are small sandwiches filled with a variety of different things. Finger sandwiches have been a part of the traditional English afternoon tea for a long time. In the middle of the tier there are scones which are small round cakes which are often eaten with jam and cream which is known as a cream tea. And finally, at the top of the tier there are various cakes and sweet pastries.

But it’s not so easy to make a proper cup of English tea. The most “crucial” thing about tea making is to make sure that the water is “piping” hot – it is very hot and has just boiled. Then after pouring the water onto the tea leaves you let the leaves “stew” or absorb the water to make the tea. If you hear someone talking about “stewed tea” they are describing tea that has been left too long in the tea-pot before being poured and tastes strong and bitter.

Well at the Ritz the etiquette – or the accepted way – is to add the milk afterwards so that the guest can decide how strong or weak they would like their tea.

The Ritz is so famous in fact that its name now appears in the dictionary as an adjective. If something is described as “ritzy” it is expensive and fashionable.

Scientists say that fast food is unhealthy but teenagers can’t stop eating it. What do you think about it?

Obviously, a diet of junk food is not the best thing for your health. In today’s fast moving world, people have less and less time to spend eating, let alone cooking. It’s probably for this reason that junk food has become so popular. Teenagers should know that people who prefer burgers and chips, crisps and hot dogs tend to become overweight. Besides, fast food is high in saturated fat. This type of fat is associated with a greater risk of cancer. Nevertheless, healthy eating habits do not mean giving up all your favourite food; it is all about choosing food wisely and preparing meals in a healthier way. The best advice for those who cannot live without hamburgers and chocolate bars, is to limit the amount of junk food they eat. A little now and then will probably do no harm.

What questions can you ask a British friend about their eating habits?

– How many meals a day do you have?

– Have you got lunch at school?

– What is your favourite dish?

Can you give a recipe of any traditional British dish?

Classic Yorkshire pudding

This dish is not usually eaten as a dessert like other puddings but instead as part of the main course or at a starter.

Yorkshire pudding, made from flour, eggs and milk, is a sort of batter baked in the oven and usually moistened with gravy.

The traditional way to eat a Yorkshire pudding is to have a large, flat one filled with gravy and vegetables as a starter of the meal. Then when the meal is over, any unused puddings should be served with jam or ice-cream as a dessert.

Ingredients:

225 g plain flour

Salt and freshly ground black pepper

8 eggs

600 ml milk

55 g dripping

Preparation method:

Place the flour and a little salt and freshly ground black pepper into a bowl. Add the eggs, mixing in with a whisk, then gradually pour in the milk, mixing slowly to prevent lumps forming.

Cover the bowl with clingfilm and chill in the fridge overnight.

Preheat the oven to 220 C.

Put a little of the dripping in four non-stick Yorkshire pudding tins. Place the tins in the oven until smoking hot.

Remove from the oven and quickly fill the moulds with the batter. Return to the oven and cook for 20-25 minutes.

Turn the oven down to 190 C and cook for a further 10 minutes to set the bottom of the puddings.

Remove from the oven and serve.

Scientists say that many people in America suffer from obesity? What may be the reason for this problem?

The Americans eat a lot. Most of the Americans don’t eat at home but prefer to go to restaurants. They can choose from many kinds of restaurants. There are a lot of ethnic restaurants in the United States: Italian, Chinese and Mexican food. But the most popular is the fast food restaurant. It is very convenient but not very healthy.

Recent research has shown that people who prefer burgers and chips to healthy dishes, tend to become overweight and may even suffer from obesity. Besides, almost all of the Americans have got cars. So they are deprived of the opportunity to walk to their work or other destinations.